In regards to film theory, are we saying that the opposition ‘realism vs. formalism’ mirrors the opposition ‘phenomenology vs. structuralism’? Is realism in film purely phenomenological and formalism in film purely structuralist? I came across the following entry in wikipedia under ‘Formalist Film Theory’ and ‘Ideological Formalism’:
“It can be argued that, by this [formalist] approach, the style or ‘language’ of these films is directly affected not by the individuals responsible, but by social, economic, and political pressures, of which the filmmakers themselves may be aware or not. It is this branch of criticism that gives us such categories as the classical Hollywood cinema, the American independent movement, the New American independent movement, the new queer cinema, and the French, German, and Czech new waves.”
‘Structuralist’ approach, right? Am I on the right track or do I still not know #$%! about structuralism?
Furthermore, a phenomenological approach to film focuses on how the person seeks to understand reality as it is presented and different horizons and lifeworlds come into play. This also makes me think of film as a ‘human-centered design’.